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Southern Illinois University



College of Liberal Arts


Hansen PA and Reed K. “Common musculoskeletal problems in the performing artist.” Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America. 2006;(17)780-801.

Bejjani FJ, Kaye GM and Benham M. “Musculoskeletal and Neuromuscular conditions of instrumental musicians.” Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 1996;77(4)406-413.

Hoppman RA and Patrone NA. “A review of musculoskeletal problems in instrumental musicians.”Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism. 2989;19(2):117-126.

The Perils of Being a Musician. Accessed 7/23/2013.

Wellness. Accessed 7/23.2013.

National Association of Schools of Music (NASM)

Performing Arts Medicine Association (PAMA)

PAMA Bibliography (search tool)