About Geography | Geography and Environmental Resources | SIU

Southern Illinois University



College of Liberal Arts

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About Geography

Geography is the science of place and space. Geographers ask where things are located on the surface of the earth, why they are located where they are, how places differ from one another, and how people interact with the environment. Geographers have skills to analyze environmental information: cartography (map making) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS).

Geographers care about the spatial aspects of human existence - how people and their activity are distributed in space and how they create and sustain the places that make up the earth's surface.

What do geographers do?

Geographers examine the way the physical environment and human activities interact. We study patterns of climates, land forms, vegetation, soils, and water. We may work in the fields of urban and regional planning, transportation, marketing, real estate, tourism, and international business. We may manage land and water resources, and analyze and plan for forests, rangelands, and wetlands.