Building Location: Faner Hall 3536
I study the evolutionary biology of the primate chewing apparatus. I am specifically interested in establishing form-function links in the jaws and teeth of modern primates and using such relationships to reconstruct aspects of the paleobiology of Plio-Pleistocene fossil hominins, including their feeding ecologies and social behaviors. My research is integrative, combining comparative, phylogenetic, experimental, and ontogenetic perspectives, with a heavy emphasis on the application of quantitative methods. I also have a strong interest in quantifying and interpreting morphological variation in fossil primate assemblages, particularly with respect to making inferences about species diversity, patterns of evolutionary change, and the evolution of sexual dimorphism. In conducting my research, I adopt a phylogenetically broad approach: in addition to modern primates, Miocene apes, Plio-Pleistocene hominins, and archaeological human remains, I have used rabbits, carnivorans, marsupials, bats, and Paleocene mammals to address my research questions.
In press. Scott, J.E. Cranial size variation and lineage diversity in early Pleistocene Homo. Evolution.
2013. Doney, E., Krumdick, L.A., Diener, J.M., Wathen, C.A., Chapman, S.E., Stamile, B., Scott, J.E., Ravosa, M.J., Van Avermaete, T., Leevy, W.M. 3D printing of preclinical x-ray computed tomographic data sets. Journal of Visualized Experiments 73, e50250, doi: 10.3791/50250.
2012. Scott, J.E. Molar size and diet in the Strepsirrhini: implications for size-adjustment in studies of primate dental adaptation. Journal of Human Evolution 63, 796–804.
2012. Scott, J.E., Lack, J.B., Ravosa, M.J. On the reversibility of mandibular symphyseal fusion. Evolution 66, 2940–2952.
2012. Scott, J.E., Hogue, A.S., Ravosa, M.J. The adaptive significance of mandibular symphyseal fusion in mammals. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 25, 661–673.
2011. Scott, J.E. Folivory, frugivory, and postcanine size in the Cercopithecoidea revisited. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 146, 20–27.
2009. Royer, D.F., Lockwood, C.A., Scott, J.E., Grine, F.E. Size variation in the early human mandibles and molars from Klasies River, South Africa: Comparison with other middle and late Pleistocene assemblages and with modern humans. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 140, 312–323.
2009. Scott, J.E., Schrein, C.M., Kelley, J. Beyond Gorilla and Pongo: Alternative models for evaluating variation and sexual dimorphism in fossil hominoid samples. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 140, 253–264.
2009. Scott, J.E., Marean, C.W. The Paleolithic hominin remains from Eshkaft-e Gavi (southern Zagros Mountains, Iran): description, affinities, and evidence for butchery. Journal of Human Evolution 57, 248–259.
2007. Orr, C.M., Delezene, L.K., Scott, J.E., Tocheri, M.W., Schwartz, G.T. The comparative method and the inference of venom-delivery systems in fossil mammals. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 27, 541–546.
2006. Scott, J.E., Stroik, L.K. Bootstrap tests of significance and the case of humanlike skeletal-size dimorphism in Australopithecus afarensis. Journal of Human Evolution 51, 422–428.
2004. Scott, J.E., Lockwood, C.A. Patterns of tooth crown size and shape variation in great apes and humans and species recognition in the hominid fossil record. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 125, 303–319.